By Tony Lawson, Joan Garrod
'Recommended as an invaluable source for realizing the language of sociology'
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Submit yr word: First released in 2010
The which means and significance of friendship became questions of accelerating curiosity lately, as declining charges of marriage and parenthood have made the kin much less significant and acquaintances extra so within the lives of many of us, quite within the western global.
Yet the historical past of friendship, and the ways that it has replaced its shape and its which means over the years has in basic terms simply all started to be mentioned. either traditionally and within the modern global, the language of friendship has now not been restricted to non-public relationships. it truly is major additionally in discussions or descriptions of various varied moral structures, social associations and political alliances. The time period 'friend' and others derived from it, corresponding to 'mate' or 'comrade', have performed a tremendous function in constructing and characterizing specific spiritual association, nationwide cultures and political events. the idea that of friendship has been an immense one in western philosophy, too. certainly, for plenty of philosophers, from Plato and Aristotle to G. E. Moore, friendship, or phrases attached to friendship are the most important to the institution of society and to the that means of the nice existence.
As Jacques Derrida has argued lately, in terms of his publication The Politics of Friendship, whereas 'friendship . .. is marginal within the ordinary taxonomies of political innovations, once you learn the canonical texts in political thought beginning with Plato or Aristotle, you find that fellowship performs an establishing function within the definition of justice, of democracy even. '
This quantity goals to mix an research of the key classical philosophical texts of friendship and their carrying on with significance over many centuries with a broader dialogue of the altering ways that friendship was once understood and skilled in Europe from the Hellenic interval to the current. it's the results of a collaborative examine undertaking that has concerned philosophers and historians with unique examine pursuits in Classical Greek philosophy and within the historical past of medieval and renaissance, 18th century nineteenth and twentieth century Europe.
It really is slightly astounding to determine how little critical theorizing there's in philosophy (and in social psychology in addition to sociology) at the nature of social activities or joint act. hons within the experience of activities played jointly by way of a number of brokers. activities played by means of unmarried brokers were widely mentioned either in philosophy and in psycho~ogy.
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If the subject of my contribution were to be war-making itself, it would make for a depressing read. Instead, what I plan to address here is not the practice of war, but the practice of opposing it: women’s organized resistance to militarism, militarization and war. One often hears it said that women are noticeably present and active in peace work, that there seem to be a great many women’s peace groups, organizations and networks in a range of countries. 1 In carrying out the project it has been important to me that I have one foot in academia, in my attachment to the Sociology Department of City University, and the other in activism, in the movement of women against militarism and war – specifically in Women in Black (WiB).
The rationale for offering one narrative, even when this single story is part of a wider ethnographic study, is described in terms of ‘bearing witness’. Bearing witness and making visible stories that are usually lost Introduction 11 is a form of solidarity. g. Dossa 2003). The fact that publishing these stories also serves our own professional purposes does not make it wrong to do so. Bearing witness to suffering, especially where the narratives are well written and nuanced is painful, albeit a pain that is infinitesimally attenuated compared to those to whom we bear witness.
Anthropologists and War. Anthropology Today, 23(4), 23. Hallett, C. 2007. The Personal Writings of First World War Nurses: A study of the interplay of authorial intention and scholarly interpretation. Nursing Inquiry, 14(4), 320–29. Iraqi Family Health Survey Study Group. 2008. Violence-Related Mortality in Iraq from 2002 to 2006. New England Journal of Medicine, 358, 484–93. G. 2006. Gender and War. The effects of armed conflict on women’s health and mental health. Journal of Women and Social Work, 21(2), 134–45.