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Download The Philosophy of History by G. W. F. Hegel, J. Sibree, Charles Hegel PDF

By G. W. F. Hegel, J. Sibree, Charles Hegel

One of many nice classics of Western inspiration develops idea that background isn't probability yet a rational procedure, working based on the legislation of evolution, and embodying the spirit of freedom. Translated by means of J. Sibree. advent by way of Carl Friedrich.

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Thus appearing in the form of merely natural existence, natural will — that which has been called the subjective side — physical craving, instinct, passion, private interest, as also opinion and subjective conception — spontaneously present themselves at the very commencement. This vast congeries of volitions, interests and activities, constitute the instruments and means of the WorldSpirit for attaining its object; bringing it to consciousness, and realizing it. And this aim is none other than finding itself — coming to itself — and contemplating itself in concrete actuality.

Among these needs are not only such as we usually call necessities — the stimuli of individual desire and volition — but also those connected with individual views and convictions; or — to use a term expressing less decision — leanings of opinion; supposing the impulses of reflection, understanding, and reason, to have been awakened. In these cases people demand, if they are to exert themselves in any direction, that the object should commend itself to them; that in point of opinion — whether as to its goodness, justice, advantage, profit — they should be able to “enter into it” (dabei seyn).

This self-contained existence of Spirit is none other than selfconsciousness — consciousness of one’s own being. Two things must be distinguished in consciousness; first, the fact that I know; secondly, what I know. In self consciousness these are merged in one; for Spirit knows itself. It involves an appreciation of its own nature, as also an energy enabling it to realize itself; to make itself actually that which it is potentially. According to this abstract definition it may be said of Universal History, that it is the exhibition of Spirit in the process of working out the knowledge of that which it is potentially.

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